Diabetes & Foot Care

Diabetes can cause many complications that affect patient’s circulatory, nervous and immune systems, making them more prone to foot injuries and infections.

The most common complication of diabetes is Diabetic Neuropathy - which is damage to the nerves of the body. Symptoms include numbness and tingling of extremities, altered pain sensation and reduced ability to feel pain, which can lead to skin damage, infection, foot ulcers, and joint deformity. These are usually referred to as Diabetic Foot Syndrome.

Diabetic Foot Ulcer

Ulcers are sores that are slow to heal or keep returning. Foot ulcers affect 15% of people with diabetes, as this metabolic disease delays and impedes with the normal wound healing process. Paired with reduced ability to feel pain and loss of feeling, even small cuts can go undetected and pose a serious health risk.

Blisters and sores commonly appear on numb areas of feet, legs and heel region. As pressure and injury goes unnoticed, it becomes an easy entry way for bacteria and infection.


When nerve damage is present, it is common for diabetic patients to not feel feet problems until they have developed. Luckily, foot care is relatively simple and is key to preventing injury and complications. 

Along with proper diabetes management with a healthy diet, regular exercise, avoiding tobacco, blood sugar monitoring and adherence to a prescribed medication regimen, following the foot care tips below can help prevent problems with your feet: 

Inspect Feet Daily

Performing daily foot examinations to check for any signs of damage including blisters, cuts, bruising, swelling, cracks, changes in color, hard or extra dry skin.

Keep feet clean

Keeping your feet clean and follow a good foot hygiene routine. This includes washing feet daily with lukewarm (not hot water), using talcum powder to keep feet dry, and using a moisturizer on dry skin to prevent cracks.

Wear comfortable shoes

Wearing footwear that fits comfortably and provide support for the heel, arch, and ball of the foot. Avoid tight fitting, high-heeled and narrow shoes.

Wear Clean, Dry Socks

Wearing clean, dry socks with moisture-wicking properties such as cotton and special acrylic fibres (not nylon). Avoid socks with tight elastic bands that reduce circulation or socks with seams that could irritate skin. Change them daily.

Do not walk barefoot

Avoiding injury by not walking barefoot. Always wear shoes or slippers, even around the house.

cut nails carefully

Using extra caution when trimming toenails, making sure to carefully file away sharp edges. Do not attempt to remove by yourself any foot lesions like calluses, corns, bunions or warts.

It is important to schedule regular foot checkups with your doctor and to contact your doctor if you notice any signs of skin damage.

How can Diabetic Socks help Diabetic Patients?

Dr Segal’s Diabetic socks are specially designed to decrease the risk of foot injury, offer maximum blood flow and comfort, as well as prevent infection, bacterial or fungal growth.

Benefits & special features include: